Well folks, it looks like after a long hiatus for the Holidays and the flu, I’m back to work.
Today, I’m starting a series concerning the Southern Native American tribes and their removal to west of the Mississippi.
Since my heritage is partially Seminole, I’m starting with them.
RELOCATION OF THE 5 CIVILIZED TRIBES –
The Seminole – Part 1
The Seminole, like their Five Civilized Tribes brethren, were victims of a calculated purge of Native Americans throughout the United States in the 19th Century. Through coercion, deceit, and ultimately force, the U.S. Government relocated Southeastern tribes west of the Mississippi River. While many were forced on arduous and ignoble marches to their new lands, the Seminole withdrew into the Florida Everglades and resisted relocation through three great Seminole Wars.
Lasting over a decade, these engagements were the longest, costliest, and most bitter wars of removal fought by the U. S. government. In the aftermath, less than three thousand Seminoles were removed to the Indian Territory, while some three hundred were left in the swamps of central Florida.
Upon arrival in the Indian Territory, however, self-determination would be denied them as they were confined to the Creek Nation and its laws. Only after a decade of struggle and the political upheaval of the Civil War was the tribe able to form a sovereign Seminole nation in 1866 with Wewoka as its chosen capital.