Above – Image of the Treaty of Doak’s Stand
The Choctaw – Part 5
Treaty of Doak’s Stand
As both sides sought to gain their peoples’ confidence, Mushulatubbee ended up supporting removal and land cessions as a tactic to bolster his notion of leadership. Beginning with the 1816 treaty (click on image 2) between the Choctaws and the United States, Mushulatubbee was a signatory to land cessions that brought him gifts from the Americans. He then doled out these gifts to his supporters in the eastern division and to similarly minded folks in the western division. Traditionally, chiefs used such offerings to build up good will and reciprocal obligations.
In 1820 Mushulatubbee supported the Treaty of Doak’s Stand (click on image 3) that provided the Choctaws with land west of the Mississippi River (present-day Arkansas) in exchange for another cession of land in Mississippi and Alabama to the United States. Because few Choctaws emigrated to the new territory and since Americans had illegally claimed much of that land, Mushulatubbee and other leaders journeyed to Washington, D.C., in 1824 to cede that land back to the United States in return for further payments.
Meanwhile, the Folsoms and other opponents of Mushulatubbee set themselves up as defenders of Choctaw lands and rights by publicly deriding him for this cession. The tactic worked in the short run. Mushulatubbee was deposed from power and replaced by his nemesis David Folsom.